The Translation & Commentary of Surah Fatiha By Molana Aadil Saleh

The Translation & Commentary of Surah Fatiha By Molana Aadil Saleh

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Assalamu Alaikum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatuhu,

We are here to discuss what Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) wants to say to us; His message. Do you know who created us? Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى). Do you know who provides us with clothes and shelter and food? Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى). Do you know why Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) created us? Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) created us to worship Him.

Bismillah Ar Rahman Ar Raheem has three meanings. We start anything we do by reciting this verse and Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) helps us to complete that specific task successfully. It means that we are starting a task in the name of Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى). We are starting a task with the help of Allah’s (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) name. When we recite this verse, Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) protects us during the completion of the task. Whether you are eating or sleeping, start by reciting this verse. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said that when an individual recites Bismillah Ar Rahman Ar Raheem, then Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) helps them to complete the task successfully.

Surah Fatiha is the first full Surah revealed to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم). When the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) read this Surah and delved into the meaning of this Surah, they (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) stated that they had not seen nor heard any single Surah more beautiful than Surah Fatiha; not in Torat, not in Injeel, not in Zaboor. There is no similarity anywhere else, not even in the Quran itself.

Surah Fatiha is the Mathab of Quran, which means that it is a review of the whole of the Quran. When you look at the meaning of Surah Fatiha, we get to witness the whole religion of Islam. Every single thing of our Deen, our Islam is present within it. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said Surah Fatiha is Ummul Quran (The Mother of Quran). In another instance, the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) stated that Surah Fatiha is a means of cure or shifa for every illness; that’s how powerful it is. You can read this Surah so many times and blow it on yourself or some water to drink – it is a cure to all illnesses. Surah Fatiha is a form of Dua, which is why it is a cure.

Surah Fatiha is the beginning of our Deen, beginning of our Islam. Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) is introducing Himself to us and letting us know who He is. It starts with Al hamdu lillaahi rabbil ‘alameen. If we claim to worship Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى), then we must recognise who we are worshipping. Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) is introducing Himself by stating “All praise is due to Allah, Lord of the Universe.” Do you know how many Worlds there are in existence? Some Scholars say there are around over 80,000 planets. Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) is the Lord of every single creation.

Then Surah Fatiha goes onto Ar-Rahman ar-Raheem which means Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) is “The Most Merciful, Most Beneficient”. These are the attributes of Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى). We commit so many major and minor sins on a daily basis, and even after committing these sins, Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) lets us live our life peacefully without punishing us.

Then Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) professes His superiority by saying Maaliki Yaumid Deen which translates to “The King of the Day of Judgement”. Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) is the owner of the Day of Resurrection when ever single Human being will die. So, after these three verses Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) tells us what He wants from us; Iyya-ka na’budu wa iyya-ka nasta’in which means that we should only worship Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) alone and only ask help from Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) alone. If we do these two things, then we have completed the rights of Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى).

Then we ask Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى), Ihdina-sirat al-mustaqim which means “Guide us towards the right path”. What is the right path? Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) goes onto mention Sirat al-ladhina an’amta ‘alai-him “The path of those whom You have favoured.” This is the path of the Prophets, the path of the Shuhada, the path of the Righteous people, the path of the Sidiqeen. Without the guidance of Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى), we are nowhere.

Finally Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) is teaching us one more thing. Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) is telling us to ask Him for Ghair il-Maghdubi ‘alai-him wa la-d-dalleen which is to save us and guard us from the wrong people such as Firaun, Nimrood, Qaroon, Abu Jahal; people which could teach us wrong things and lead us to the wrong path. This is what we need to memorise and act upon.

May Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) give us the strength to strive on the right path. Ameen.

Checked & Approved by Molana Mohamed Aadil Saleh (Bradford, UK)

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